Friday, April 08, 2011

Bonhams - The Space History Sale




Lot No: 16 THE ORIGINAL MERCURY SEVEN. Large color photograph, 20 x 16 inches, c.1959, printed later. The iconic image of the seven Mercury astronauts posing in their silver space suits. Signed by SCOTT CARPENTER, WALLY SCHIRRA, and GORDON COOPER with Cooper adding "The Original Seven"). Estimate: $1,000 - 1,500

Lot No: 248 STREKALOV'S FLOWN SOYUZ TM-10 SPACE SUIT. "Sokol KV-2" ("Falcon" in Russian) pressure suit, manufactured by Zvezda. White nylon canvas, royal blue trim, approximately 60 inches tall. Attached pressurized hood, hinged polycarbonate visor securing to blue-anodized aluminum clavicle flange. Sleeves with adjustable articulating cables in upper arm, webbed belt lashings. Pressure gauge on left sleeve, mirror affixed to right sleeve with elastic strap. Detachable gloves. V-shaped double-zip front closure, lace-up crotch covered by triangular Velco-affixed placket. Anodized aluminum umbilical interfaces on body for electrical, air and coolant supplies, with related cables and hoses. Anodized aluminum pressure equalization valve at center of chest. Support sling wrapping round chest and back, consisting of webbed belts and metal clips; adjustable webbed straps calibrated in metric attaching to metal rings on side-seams and at crotch. Pleated knees, cargo pocket on each thigh and each shin, integral boots with soles. Rubberized cloth lining. Patches of the Soviet standard on left sleeve and State Seal of the Soviet Union on right; Zvezda logo on chest, name label on chest-webbing. Leather radio headset with mesh skullcap, gray nylon canvas overshoes tucked into leg pockets. Light discoloration, one sole inscribed in ink, in Cyrillic, "Greetings, Ilya Kirillyich!" Supported on external frame. Soyuz TM-10 was the tenth mission to the Mir space station. It launched on August 1, 1990, with two crew members: Commander Gennadi Manakov, and Flight Engineer Gennadi Strekalov. Also on board were four quail, for delivery to the Mir module Kvant-2, which was designed for scientific experiments. Kvant-2 had an Inkubator-2 unit for hatching and raising quail. After more than four months at Mir, the two Gennadis returned to Earth, taking with them a Japanese journalist who had been making a television program. Cosmonaut Strekalov was a veteran of space flight, and had even been involved in a launch pad abort in 1983. He wore the present space suit during the launch, Mir docking, and re-entry of the TM-10 mission. The Sokol-KV2 remains the current version of the suit, and is lighter still than its predecessors mainly due to new materials used in the pressure layer. The visor is larger than that of the original Sokol-K, laces have been replaced with zippers, and mobility at the joints has been improved. This suit spent 130 days in space. The significance of the inscription on one sole is unknown. Provenance: Sotheby's, Russian Space History, New York, December 11, 1993, lot 176; The Forbes Collection. Estimate: $60,000 - 80,000 Lot No: 242 ALEXEI LEONOV'S FLOWN SPACE SUIT FROM ASTP. SPACE SUIT WORN IN SPACE BY THE APOLLO-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT COMMANDER. "Sokol K" ("Falcon" in Russian) pressure suit, manufactured by Zvezda. White nylon canvas with blue trim, approximately 63 inches tall. Integral pressurized hood/helmet with hinged polycarbonate visor securing to aluminum flange anodized in blue. The sleeves with adjustable articulating cables and webbed belt lashings, pressure gauge on the left sleeve. Detachable gloves. Lace-up front and crotch, the lacing covered with a triangular placket. On the torso are anodized aluminum umbilical attachments for electricity, air and coolant, with attached cables and hoses. Below the heart area is a pressure equalization valve. A support sling wraps from chest to back using webbed belts and metal clips. Pleated knees, cargo pockets on each leg, boots also of nylon canvas and laced to knee area. Rubberized cloth lining. Patches of the Soviet standard on left sleeve and ASTP emblem on right sleeve. Name tag in Cyrillic and Roman characters. Gray leather radio headset with mesh skullcap. Some discoloration, skullcap with small split, holes in soles of the feet probably from prior mounting. Supported on external frame.
A key artifact from the symbolic end of the Space Race. The Space Race essentially began in 1957 with the launch of Sputnik 1, and was arguably 'won' in 1969 when the USA put a man on the moon. But it was not until the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project in 1975 that the two competitors literally shook hands in Earth orbit. The Project would see the docking of an Apollo spacecraft with its Soyuz counterpart, using a special docking module attached to the Command Module. The docking module also served as an airlock since the two spacecrafts had different pressurization and gas mixtures. This final Apollo mission carried Tom Stafford, Vance Brand, and Deke Slayton. On board the Soyuz were Alexei Leonov and Valery Kubasov. Leonov, particularly, had been a key player in the Space Race, as he was the first man to walk in space in 1965. On July 17, 1975, the two spacecraft docked, and the commanders, Stafford and Leonov, shook hands through the open hatch of the Soyuz, a moment whose symbolism cannot be overstated. The astronauts and cosmonauts then conducted experiments, exchanged certificates, flags and gifts, ate together, and talked in each other's languages. The image of détente in space was powerful, although the reality on Earth was more problematic: even organizing a joint press conference involved six months of negotiations. Leonov wore this space suit during the docking operations, and during launch and re-entry. The Sokol-K suit was categorized as a "rescue suit" since it was not suitable for EVA use, but was designed to protect the wearer in the event of spacecraft depressurization. It could safely be worn for up to two hours in a vacuum. The Sokol-K was first used on the Soyuz 12 mission in 1973 in response to the loss of the Soyuz 11 crew whose spacecraft depressurized during re-entry. The innovative, lightweight design (the suits weigh around 22 lb) was achieved partly by dispensing with a solid helmet in favor of an integral soft "hood" with a polycarbonate visor. The suits were custom-made for each cosmonaut, and could be donned in only a few minutes, even in zero gravity. Since the Apollo and Soyuz spacecrafts docked and redocked several times—at one point the Americans maneuvered into place to simulate a solar eclipse so the cosmonauts could photograph the solar corona—Leonov would have been wearing this suit for a large portion of the two days that joint operations took place.
The three American ASTP suits are owned by the National Air and Space Museum and are exhibited at various space facilities in the US. Provenance: Zvezda, the manufacturer; Sotheby's, Russian Space History, New York, December 11, 1993, lot 92; The Forbes Collection. Estimate: $100,000 - 150,000 Rusty SchweickartLot No: 232 POSTER—THANKS FOR YOUR SHARE. Color lithograph, issued by NASA/MSC, 22 x 17 inches. Features Astronaut Rusty Schweickart with a spiral galaxy backdrop. The motivational statement reads: "In our business only the EXCEPTIONAL is satisfying." Estimate: $250 - 350
Lot No: 207 MOVIE CAMERA FROM THE LUNAR SURFACE. Flown Data Acquisition Camera, manufactured by J.A. Maurer Inc., model 308A. Metal body, 6 x 4 x 2 inches. Upper face with lever marked "Mode" for switching frames-per-second rate, including "Time," 1, 6 12 and 24 FPS. Metal label with 4-step operating instructions. Magazine-side with rotating lever marked "Speed" for adjusting shutter speed, ranging from 1/60th to 1/1000th of a second. Bracket-side with label correlating to FPS rate lever position, and channeled bracket attachment; a right-angle bracket is also included, part number "SEB33100277-001," also with part number and serial number for the assembly of "SEB33100277-304" and "1010" respectively. The rear of the camera with magazine release bolt with threaded knob. On the bottom plate, a further label for the FPS rate, and attachments for a power remote, with locking cap on chain. The front plate with label showing part number "SEB 33100100-212" and serial number "1058." Mounted to front plate with bayonet fitting is a "Switar" lens manufactured by Kern of Switzerland: focal length 10 mm, focusing from 8 inches to infinity, with apertures ranging from f1.8 to f22, part number "SEB 33100010-302" and serial number "1024." One of two 16 mm motion picture "Data Acquisition Cameras" (DACs) carried on the Apollo 14 Lunar Module, Antares. The DACs could run at frame rates between one and 24 frames per second, and recorded undocking of the spacecrafts, the lunar descent, operations on the surface, and engineering data. The cameras carried film in magazines, each magazine containing 140 feet of film. 15 exposed magazines of 16 mm film returned to Earth on Apollo 14, produced by the two DACs in Antares and one further DAC in the Command Module Kitty Hawk. The present camera was mounted inside the LM, on a bracket near LMP Edgar Mitchell's window on the right side. 108 hours, 10 minutes, and 30 seconds into the Apollo 14 mission, Edgar Mitchell radioed to Cap Com Fred Haise that "I'm starting the camera," referring to this very camera, which would film the lunar approach for the next five minutes until touchdown. In the technical debrief for Apollo 14, commenting on the near-perfect landing, Mitchell remarked that "The camera was started on schedule and the checklist was followed completely the rest of the way down." Most Lunar Module DACs were left on the lunar surface due to weight restrictions, and only the film magazines were returned to Earth. The only lunar surface DAC in the Smithsonian Collection is from Apollo 12. It is highly unlikely that another lunar surface camera will appear on the market. Estimate: $60,000 - 80,000 FRED HAISELot No: 200 HAISE'S SNOOPY PIN FLOWN ON APOLLO 13. Flown Snoopy Lapel Pin made of sterling silver, approximately ½ inch tall. The well-known Peanuts comic strip character Snoopy is portrayed wearing a space suit and helmet. FRED HAISE'S provenance letter reads in part: "Accompanying this letter is a 'Silver Snoopy' lapel pin which was carried around the moon on Apollo 13 during April 11 to 17, 1970.... Snoopy was adopted as the official NASA Manned Flight Awareness (MFA) mascot early in the Apollo Program. These pins were awarded personally by an Astronaut to workers throughout the Apollo Program, both within NASA as well as contractors... This 'Silver Snoopy' has been in my personal space artifact collection since 1970." Estimate: $4,000 - 6,000 Lot No: 193 CONRAD AND OLD GLORY. Color photograph, 8 x 10 inches, of Apollo 12 Commander Charles Conrad as he deploys the United States flag on the lunar surface. SIGNED AND INSCRIBED: "Charles Conrad, Cdr, Apollo XII." Estimate: $600 - 800 Lot No: 169 NEW YEAR'S GREETINGS FROM LEONOV. Photo-postcard Signed and a Typed Letter Signed, by Alexei Leonov, [1968?], in Cyrillic, for James Webb. Salutations from the cosmonaut, accompanied by period translation: "Honorable Mr. J. Webb! I am extremely grateful to you for your courteous letter and good wishes. Please also accept my best wishes for the New Year. / Respectfully, Pilot-Cosmonaut USSR / A. Leonov." Accompanied by a transparency of a Leonov drawing for Webb. Estimate: $300 - 500 Lot No: 140 ALDRIN AND EAGLE. Color photograph, 7 x 7 inch full frame Hasselblad image on a 10 x 8 inch sheet with NASA identification number in red at the top margin. Printed captions on verso. Neil Armstrong photographs Aldrin as he removes science experiments from one of Lunar Module Eagle's storage bays. Signed by BUZZ ALDRIN. Estimate: $800 - 1,200 Lot No: 137 APOLLO 11 LIFTS OFF THE LAUNCH PAD. Color photograph, 7 x 10½ inch image on an 8 by 10 inch sheet. The Apollo 11 spacecraft is seen from the launch tower just seconds after lift-off. With official NASA identification information in red along the right margin. SIGNED AND INSCRIBED: "Buzz Aldrin, Apollo XI." Estimate: $600 - 800 Lot No: 131 MAN ON THE MOON—NORTH AMERICAN ROCKWELL. "Man on the Moon." Space Division North American Rockwell, June 1969. 48 pp. 13½ x 10½ inches. Original printed wrappers. A special internal release publication by Command Module builder North American Rockwell. Released before the launch of Apollo 11 with detailed text and photographs of the Apollo 11 crew, their training, launch vehicle, and spacecrafts. Boldly SIGNED AND INSCRIBED, "Buzz Aldrin, Apollo XI" on the front cover.
 Estimate: $500 - 700 Lot No: 105 FIRST MANNED LUNAR MODULE CREW—APOLLO 9. Color photolithograph, 10 x 8 inches, of the Apollo 9 crew in their white space suits standing in front of their Saturn V launch vehicle at the Kennedy Space Center. Signed by JAMES McDIVITT, DAVE SCOTT, and RUSTY SCHWEICKART (with "Apollo 9 LMP"). Estimate: $400 - 600 Lot No: 83 LUNAR SURFACE PHOTO-MOSAIC. "Day 318, Survey G, Sectors 3 and 4." United States Geological Survey: [1966-1968]. Collage comprising approximately 77 instant black and white photographs, each 2 x 2 inches, numbered in ink, and stapled in overlapping formation on USGS mount with printed notations and caption. Overall 31 x 14 inches. Mount slightly crinkled and with waterstains at head. Framed. In this photo-mosaic, Surveyor photographs part of itself, with the lunar surface as backdrop. Estimate: $1,500 - 2,500 Lot No: 68 GEMINI 5 CREW ON USS LAKE CHAMPLAIN. Black and white photograph, 8 x 10 inches, printed caption on verso. Signed by CHARLES CONRAD. Signed and inscribed by GORDON COOPER with: "Gordon Cooper, GT-5 Recovery." Cooper and Conrad pose with large smiles on the prime recover ship USS Lake Champlain after their record breaking 8-day flight. Estimate: $300 - 500 Lot No: 35 LIBERTY BELL 7 FLOWN BOLT. A component from the Mercury spacecraft Liberty Bell 7, flown on Mercury-Redstone 4, being a ¾ inch long bolt. Encased in a lucite block. Having splashed down in the Atlantic, Gus Grissom was rescued shortly before his Liberty Bell 7 spacecraft sank. The spacecraft was recovered from the sea bed in 1999, and restored at the Kansas Cosmosphere which used corroded components such as the present example to raise money. Accompanied by a certificate of authenticity from the Cosmosphere, and a copy of Curt Newport's book Lost Spacecraft: the Search for Liberty Bell 7.
Provenance: collection of Peter Fadis. Estimate: $800 - 1,200 Lot No: 32 FIRST AMERICAN'S FLIGHT INTO SPACE. Black and white photograph, 8 x 10 inches, printed caption on verso. A photograph taken just seconds after Alan Shepard's Mercury Redstone rocket lifts off the launch pad during the morning of May 5, 1961. Signed by ALAN SHEPARD. Estimate: $700 - 900 Lot No: 24 THE COSMONAUTS OF VOSTOKS 1, 2, 3 & 4. Black and white photograph, 3 7/8 x 6 inches, signed ("Gagarin," "Nikolayev," "Popovich," "Titov"), no date, being a photograph of Yuri Gagarin, Andriyan Nikolayev, Pavel Popovich and German Titov, all with wide smiles, in Soviet dress uniforms. Estimate: $800 - 1,200Lot No: 19 THE MERCURY SPACECRAFT AND MISSION DATES. Color photograph, 7 x 10 inch image on 8 x 10 inch sheet. An artist's illustration of the Mercury spacecraft and escape tower. Signed and inscribed by SCOTT CARPENTER (with "Aurora 7, 5/62"), WALLY SCHIRRA (with "E [sigma] 7, 10/62"), and GORDON COOPER (with "Faith 7, 5/63"). Cooper has additionally inscribed: "The Mercury Spacecraft" near the upper left corner. Estimate: $500 - 700


Lot No: 14 ROCKET-POWERED MISSILE LAUNCH EXPLOSION. Series of 9 black and white photographs, 10 x 8 inches, published by North American Aviation's Photographic Department, in Downey, CA, April 25, 1957, dates, reference numbers and "Confidential" at foot of images. The photographs record moment-by-moment the dramatic launch pad explosion of a NAA XSM-64, a rocket-powered supersonic missile designed to carry a nuclear warhead. The missile was a complete failure for NAA, with most of the launches being unsuccessful. Estimate: $300 - 500
Lot No: 9 PROJECT MANHIGH. 5 draftman's sketches for high-altitude manned ballooning capsules: 1. "Artists' sketch of Manhigh capsule showing component parts." June 30, 1957. Cutaway view showing pilot inside. Some tape repairs with a few stains. Estimate: $1,500 - 2,500Lot No: 5 LINDBERGH SIGNED PHOTOGRAPH. Estimate: $800 - 1,200

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